轉印代工廠 破產原因不同 冰島經驗難救希臘















冰島財政部長班內狄克森直言,過去6、7年的危機讓大家深思,到底是共同貨幣好還是擁有自己的獨立貨幣好,畢竟碰到危機時,前者不會顧及個別國的經濟現況。







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中國時報【鍾玉玨╱綜合報導】









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2015年7月6日週一 台北標準時間上午1時55分



Associated Press | 拍攝者 Petr David Josek



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冰島並非希臘。首先,冰島人口僅32萬,比大多數國家都更易凝聚共識與貫徹政治決心。反觀希臘,人口1100萬,國內生產毛額(GDP)是冰島的16倍,更糟的是政治長期陷入惡鬥、貪腐橫行。再者,希臘經濟問題出在政府太會花錢,寅吃卯糧;冰島則是銀行借貸以高槓桿操作金融商品導致負債破產。

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冰島實施資本管制已7年,預計明年解除管制,能否禁得起外資出走的考驗,備受矚目,但至少各界肯定它這7年來的因應與表現。





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7年前北歐國家冰島是歐洲金融海嘯中第一個倒下的國家,3大銀行在短短3天內破產倒閉,股市重挫95%,匯價崩盤,幾乎各行各業被迫歇業。而今冰島重新站了起來,其浴火重生的經驗能否複製於經濟陷入困境的希臘,近來引起熱議,但專家認為兩者不可混為一談。













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The Greek, right, and the European flags wave under the ancient Acropolis hill in Athens, Sunday, July 5, 2015. Greeks lined up at polling stations and ATMs alike Sunday as the country voted on its ... 較多The Greek, right, and the European flags wave under the ancient Acropolis hill in Athens, Sunday, July 5, 2015. Greeks lined up at polling stations and ATMs alike Sunday as the country voted on its financial future, choosing in a referendum whether to accept creditors' demands for more austerity in return for rescue loans or defiantly reject the deal. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek) 較少











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班內狄克森說,冰島因為有自己的貨幣,加上漁業與發電工業等本業當經濟支柱,又願意苦吞資本管制等猛藥,所以能自救重生。







首先,對於瀕臨破產的銀行,冰島政府並未拿納稅人的錢出手相救,而是將本國存款人的錢轉到「體質好」銀行,然後任負債累累的銀行倒閉,甚至將捅出亂子的銀行主管送入大牢。不過為讓人設計衣服民無後顧之憂,政府並未刪減社會福利,並延長房貸戶的還款期。

另外,冰島克朗的匯價崩盤走貶,帶動出口與觀光,加上冰島人吃苦耐勞,因此儘管薪資財富大幅縮水,但失業率不像歐洲其她國家嚴重。目前失業率已降至4%,預測今年全年經濟成長率可達4.1%。

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轉印代工廠





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資本管制讓冰島走出了危機,不過這個保護傘卻也漸漸變成緊箍咒,不僅讓外資對冰島卻步,也造成人民借貸困難,因此政府考慮明年4月逐步鬆綁管制。







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